Member countries of the EU (year of entry)

The European Union has 28 member countries:

On the road to EU membership

Candidate countries

Potential candidates

  • Kosovo *
    * This designation is without prejudice to positions on status, and is in line with UNSCR 1244/99 and the ICJ Opinion on the Kosovo declaration of independence

Joining the EU

Becoming a member of the EU is a complex procedure which does not happen overnight. Once an applicant country meets the conditions for membership, it must implement EU rules and regulations in all areas.